Bali Process 20th Anniversary Constructive Dialogue

Location: Bangkok, ThailandDate: 07 - 08 September 2022
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Bali Process Member States working together to tackle irregular migration across the Asia Pacific came together over 7-8 September 2022, to reflect on the learning and progress they have engendered in the region – and looking ahead to future challenges where ongoing cooperation and dialogue will be vital.

Delegates agreed priority areas ranging from the need to strengthen border management systems, to ongoing challenges in ensuring safety at sea and combating people smuggling by sea, to the growing role of technology as a facilitator for irregular migration, people smuggling and trafficking in persons.

With expert stakeholders gathered in one place for the first time since the pandemic, the anniversary event helped to tunnel down to understand how best to facilitate international cooperation with the Bali Process and practicalities to consider, when building on, and moving new initiatives and frameworks forwards:


Building on progress: 20 years on 

Delegates attending from member states represented law and human rights, immigration, national security and defence, business and employment, as well as member UN bodies – to share examples of practical initiatives, resources and tools developed with the support of the RSO.

Over the course of the two days, as well as hearing from a range of speakers, delegates worked together in small groups – centred geographically – to discuss the main issues and priorities facing the Asia Pacific region.

Shared concerns and areas of focus included:

  • The need to strengthen border management systems
  • The changing patterns of trafficking in persons in the region
  • The regional dimension of migration flows and exploitation of migrants
  • The growing role of technology as a facilitator for irregular migration, people smuggling and trafficking in persons
  • The transnational crime threats faced by the region, and the issue of fraudulent documents for irregular migration
  • Identification of and assistance for victims of trafficking in persons continues to face a diverse set of challenges
  • The safety of life at sea and the ongoing challenges in combating people smuggling by sea
  • The need for collective efforts in analysing emerging trends of irregular migration in the Bali Process Region
  • Corruption as a facilitator of irregular migration
  • The need to strengthen the justice sector to effectively combat people smuggling and trafficking in persons

Member states helped to describe where the RSO could focus efforts to best support capacity building and effectiveness of response across the region, with suggestions supporting the development of the RSO 2023 workplan:

  • The Bali Process to consider establishing a central secretariat hub for coordination for Bali Process Members and for the Bali Process Working Groups to facilitate improved communication on Bali Process activities and meeting outcomes.
  • The RSO to coordinate with researchers to facilitate country and sub-region-specific studies designed to tailor support for the Bali Process Member States.
  • The RSO to implement stakeholder mapping among Bali Process Member and Observer agencies involved in irregular migration management, counter trafficking and smuggling and combatting transnational crime to establish and maintain an accurate record of focal points to support more regular, effective and targeted engagement.
  • The RSO to optimise the use of an online platform to facilitate an exchange of best practices, thematic dialogues, roundtable discussions, capacity-building and pre-briefing meetings with the Bali Process Members.
  • The RSO to collaborate more closely with the Bali Process Member States to further develop strategic relationships with the Member States, including the secondment of officials and the launch of an alumni network.

Pak Sukmo Yuwono, Co-manager of the RSO (Indonesia) said: This year marks the 20th year of the Bali Process and the 10th year for the RSO. I expect further strengthening and cooperation between Member States to tackle irregular migration, human smuggling and trafficking, facilitating conversations and collaboration to tackle this issues.

David Scott, Co-manager of the RSO (Australia) said: It was extremely helpful to come together with and hear from Member States on their main priorities and concerns – particularly in light of the additional challenges colleagues are grappling with in a changed landscape post Covid-19. We have developed an ambitious forward work plan for the RSO and we look forward to continuing to work closely with colleagues – to ensure timely, appropriate and impactful input which enable them to best deliver effective responses to regional crises and needs.